Types of ECHO Research
The ECHO Program studies five areas of health. These are:
The ECHO Program researches environmental influences that may affect these areas of child health by collecting information from participants. Environmental influences are non-genetic factors that impact people’s lives such as:
- Air pollution
- Family support
- Sleep habits
To find out more about these influences, ECHO uses two types of research: observational research and interventional research.
ECHO conducts observational research through its Pediatric Cohorts . Through these 70+ cohorts, ECHO researchers are able to observe, or look at, information about a participant’s health over time. This type of research does not ask participants to change their lifestyles or health care practices, such as taking new medicines, starting a new diet, or having a procedure. ECHO’s observational research also includes existing data, called extant data, to help collect more information on environmental influences.
ECHO’s other type of research, called interventional research, involves making changes in participants’ lives to see how the changes affect their health. ECHO uses the ECHO IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network (ISPCTN) to conduct interventional research. The ECHO ISPCTN provides access to state-of-the-art clinical trials in rural populations in 17 states.
Read ECHO’s study summaries to learn more about our research in action.