Types of ECHO Research

Types of ECHO Research

The ECHO Program studies five areas of health. These are:

pre-,peri,andpostnatal (pregnancy and birth); upper and lower airway(breathing); obesity(body weight); neurodevelopment (brain development); positive health (well-being)

The ECHO Program researches environmental influences that may affect these areas of child health by collecting information from participants. Environmental influences are non-genetic factors that impact people’s lives such as:

  • Air pollution
  • Family support
  • Stress
  • Sleep habits
  • Diet

To find out more about these influences, ECHO uses two types of research: observational research and interventional research.

Illustration of Pediatric Cohorts 72 groups (observational research) looks at everyday lies over time. IDEA States Pediatric Clinical trials network 17 states (interventional research) make a change in lives to see how it affects their health. ECHO Cores and centers, provide support for the two types of echo research

Observational research

ECHO conducts observational research through its Pediatric Cohorts . Through these 70+ cohorts, ECHO researchers are able to observe, or look at, information about a participant’s health over time. This type of research does not ask participants to change their lifestyles or health care practices, such as taking new medicines, starting a new diet, or having a procedure. ECHO’s observational research also includes existing data, called extant data, to help collect more information on environmental influences.

Interventional research

ECHO’s other type of research, called interventional research, involves making changes in participants’ lives to see how the changes affect their health. ECHO uses the ECHO IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network  (ISPCTN) to conduct interventional research. The ECHO ISPCTN provides access to state-of-the-art clinical trials in rural populations in 17 states.

Read ECHO’s study summaries to learn more about our research in action.